By Marwan I. Hariz M.D., Ph.D. (auth.), C. B. Ostertag, D. G. T. Thomas, A. Bosch, B. Linderoth, G. Broggi (eds.)
Neurosurgery o/the destiny: desktops and Robots in scientific Neurosurgical perform and in education - a Philosophical trip into the longer term Many modern day neurosurgeons think that they already receive solid ends up in operative surgical procedure with the good thing about the working microscope and different aids that have turn into on hand within the final 3 a long time and that the advent of desktops and robots to the working theatre is superfluous. besides the fact that, it really is transparent from analogy with the functionality of the airline pilot, one other career the place there are nice calls for on guide ability and on spatial expertise, that those units do have a lot to provide neurosurgery. Classical neurosurgery, for the period of Cushing, Dandy and Scarff, was once in accordance with a 3 dimensional photograph of the patient's mind shaped within the surgeon's brain and infrequently illustrated in stylish drawings. Such photos have been according to neuroradiological reports by means of pneumoencephalography, ventriculography or via angiography. normally those stud ies confirmed the presence and place of a lesion via displacement of ordinary mind constructions and the image used to be equipped up through interference. This was once then switched over by way of the skilled neurosurgeon right into a plan for the craniotomy web site and the trajectory of the surgical method. as soon as the mind used to be uncovered additional pre-operative details was once got through visible inspection and via palpation with the mind needle. those classical types ofneuroradiology have principally been outmoded through computerised tomography and via magnetic resonance imaging.
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Extra resources for Advances in Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery 12: Proceedings of the 12th Meeting of the European Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, Milan 1996
The authors feel the same concern for volumetric analysis in functional stereotaxy such as pallidotomy. The ability to superimpose the pre- and postoperative 3D volume data sets allows analysis of accuracy in the lesion location in relation to preoperative coordinates. Further, it permits localization of electrophysiological data in 3D volume. This has a particular implication for the number of electrode passes for recording the 32 R. M. Lehman et al. A B c o Fig. 3. (A-D) Post-operative MR images in multiplanar 2D and 3D volume surface rendered views.
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