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By H.E. Landsberg (Ed.)

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Physical Geodesy

Учебник по физической геодезии, вышедший в свет в 1967 году и завоевавший признание геодезистов во всем мире. Содержит классический зарубежный курс физической геодезии.

Preface
Almost each geodetic size relies in a basic method at the earth's gravity box. as a result, the examine of the actual houses of the gravity box and their geodetic program. that are the topic of actual geodesy, types a vital a part of the geodesist's education.
During the 10 years that experience handed because the writing of The Earth and Its Gravity box via Heiskanen and Vening Meinesz, geodesy has stepped forward tremendously. to include the result of this growth, which has been theoretical in addition to functional, in a brand new version of that booklet grew to become more and more most unlikely. It used to be essential to write a wholly new textbook, person who is various in either scope and therapy. the nice raise within the quantity of accessible info required a strict dilemma to geodetic facets; advances in conception made beneficial an elevated emphasis on mathematical tools. the end result is the current publication, that is meant to be theoretical within the experience within which the notice is utilized in the time period "theoretical physics. "
This textbook, meant for graduate scholars, presupposes the heritage in arithmetic and physics required by means of geodesy departments of yankee and ecu Universities. the mandatory basics of power idea are awarded in an introductory chapter.
Chapters I via five conceal the cloth for a simple direction in actual geodesy. Chapters 6 via eight current a few extra really good and complicated subject matters, the place present study task is excessive. (These chapters usually are extra subjectively biased than the others. ) The reader who has mastered them might be capable of commence learn of his personal. For the sake of completeness we've further a bankruptcy on celestial equipment; this fabric could be integrated within the easy course.
We have attempted tough to make the ebook self-contained. specific derivations are given anyplace possible. Our method is intuitive: verbal factors of the foundations have been felt to be extra very important than formal mathematical rigor, even supposing the latter isn't ignored.
Our basic perspective is conservative. we don't think that the concept that of the geoid has develop into out of date. This medical doctors no longer suggest, despite the fact that, that we're blind to the nice value of contemporary theoretical advancements linked more often than not with the identify of Molodensky: we talk about them in bankruptcy 8.
Observational innovations equivalent to these utilized in gravity measurements or astronomical observations are intentionally passed over as being misplaced in a theoretically orientated presentation.
Bibliographies of works mentioned within the textual content, lots of which can be precious for additional research, should be came upon on the finish of every bankruptcy; quotation within the textual content is by way of author's identify and 12 months of publication-for instance, Kellogg (1929).
We haven't tried to settle questions of precedence. Names linked to formulation could be thought of essentially as handy labels. equally, the main without problems available or so much accomplished book of an writer on a specific subject is given instead of his first.
Most of our personal examine integrated during this booklet has been performed on the Ohio country collage. we want to thank Dr. Walter D. Lambert for conscientiously checking components of the manuscript for proper English.
December 1966
WEIKKO A. HEISKANEN
HELMUT MORITZ

Доп. информация: Эта книга представляет собой исправленный репринт оригинального издания, опубликованного в 1967 году W. H. Freeman and corporate (Сан-Франциско) по заказу Institute of actual Geodesy, Steyrergasse 17, A-BOW Graz.

BibTeX
@BOOK{Heiskanen1967,
title = {Physical Geodesy},
publisher = {W. ~H. ~Freeman},
year = {1967},
author = {Heiskanen, Weikko Aleksanteri and Moritz, Helmut},
address = {San Francisco},
language = {english},
edition = {1993 reprint},
review = {This booklet is a corrected reprint of the unique variation published
by W. H. Freeman and corporate San Francisco, 1967, Order from: Institute
of actual Geodesy, Steyrergasse 17, A-BOW Graz. }
}

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Such determinations have been described by Browne and Robinson [ 1011. 25. Reflectivity and attenuation by randomly oriented water and ice spheroids, relative to values for equivolumic water and ice spheres. ) who obtained good accuracy by measuring the ellipticity of the precipitation echo when the transmitted beam was circularly polarized. He reported the ratio of the orthogonal circular components, a quantity about twice the depolarization ratio for a plane polarized beam. Table TABLE 111. Depolarization ratios (in db) in precipitation echoes calculated from [lOZ],with effective values of the ratios of axis to diameter for randomly oriented oblate ( P O ) and prolate Spheroids ( p p ) which would give rise to the observed depolari7,at’ion.

1953). Observations on the formation and spread of precipitation in convective clouds. J. Meteorol. 10, 311-324. 42. Workman, E. , and Reynolds, S. E. (1949). Electrical activity as related to thunderstorm cell growth. Bull. A m . Meteorol. 30, 142-144. 43. Jones, R. F. (1950). The temperatures at the top of radar echoes associated with various cloud systems. Quart. J . Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 76, 312-330. 44. Hilst, G. , and MacDowell, G. P. (1950). Radar measurements of the initial growth of thunderstorm precipitation cell8.

Patent 2,656,531. 41. Battan, L. J. (1953). Observations on the formation and spread of precipitation in convective clouds. J. Meteorol. 10, 311-324. 42. Workman, E. , and Reynolds, S. E. (1949). Electrical activity as related to thunderstorm cell growth. Bull. A m . Meteorol. 30, 142-144. 43. Jones, R. F. (1950). The temperatures at the top of radar echoes associated with various cloud systems. Quart. J . Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 76, 312-330. 44. Hilst, G. , and MacDowell, G. P. (1950). Radar measurements of the initial growth of thunderstorm precipitation cell8.

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