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By Kenneth Roy Norman; Jan Gonda (Edtitor)

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Extra resources for A History of Indian Literature, Volume VII: Buddhist and Jaina Literature, Fasc. 2: Pāli Literature including the Canonical Literature in Prakrit and Sanskrit of all the Hīnayāna Schools of Buddhism

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Such an idea as future Buddhas would seem to represent a later stratum of Buddhist thought,62 which suggests that this is a later text.

To this is added a second, probably later, portion of the sutta which deals with the problem of the disappearance of the four elements. The answer is that they disappear in the state of arahant-ship, when all intelligence comes to an end. To this conclusion is prefixed a mythological preface which describes an ascending hierarchy of fourteen classes of gods. Its purpose 24 The ten avydkatas are dealt with separately in the Avyakata-samyutta (S IV 374—403). 28 Aham yd imasmim janapade janapada-kalydnl tarn icchdmi tarn kdmemi (D I 1 9 3 , 4—6).

R. Norman • Pali Literature involved in a discussion about caste, in which the Buddha proves that the Tchattiya Sakyas are superior to the brahmans. The sutta was clearly composed at a time when the 32 marks were already in existence. There is also mention of super-normal powers being employed to enable Ambattha to see the two marks which are not normally visible. The Sonadandasutta (4) is also concerned with the question of caste, and deals with the problem of what constitutes the essential quality which makes a man a brahman.

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