Download A brief history of the Western world (9th Edition) by Thomas H. Greer, Gavin Lewis PDF

By Thomas H. Greer, Gavin Lewis

Greer/Lewis's a short background OF THE WESTERN global delivers a accomplished view of the improvement of Western civilization in part the pages of different texts. every one bankruptcy offers large insurance of political, social, cultural, and non secular subject matters. features a CD-ROM and entry to a web collage library.

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Religious beliefs arose that were as different from each other as the worship of god-kings by the Egyptians A 2 and the monotheism of the Israelites (Jews). All these features were taken up by later Western and non-Western civilizations. Eventually civilized life spread westward from the Middle East, taking new forms as it did so, until the brilliant Mediterranean civilization of Greece and Rome (often called “Greco-Roman”) emerged and went through its own lengthy development. ” Citizen participation in government; the disciplines of science, philosophy, and history; magnificent new styles of architecture; works of art and literature that conveyed human experiences and perceptions with unprecedented vividness and power—all originated with the Greeks.

Gradually, tools were fashioned that made it possible to accomplish more work more efficiently and therefore to grow the new grain crops on a larger scale—stone-bladed hoes to break the soil for seeding, and flint-edged sickles to cut the edible seeds from the stalks. Closely linked with crop production was the domestication of animals. Wild dogs were the first animals to be tamed by humans, probably by the men of hunting bands, who used them to help in finding and killing prey. With the Agricultural Revolution, however, sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle became more important—first as “prey” that did not need to be hunted as a source of food and then as providers of wool, skins, and milk.

D. ” H. s. sapiens (the abbreviated form) is so called because it is the most advanced and the only surviving subspecies of the species Homo sapiens, “thinking human being,” and the genus Homo. Excavations of fossils (remains of organisms) at a number of locations indicate that H. s. sapiens goes back only about 30,000 years. 5 million years ago. They differed from Homo sapiens chiefly in the size of their skull, which limits the size of the brain. The brain of today’s species is nearly twice as large as that of the earliest species (and four times that of our closest biological relations, the great apes).

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